4 0 Jon Ingleton asks experts to share their insights into the seven building blocks of design S hape, light, colour, line, texture, space and pattern – the seven elements of great design work in harmony to create aesthetically successful interiors that function effectively and engender the appropriate mood among the people who inhabit a room. Although there is some conflict within traditional wisdom about whether form warrants inclusion as an eighth element, CFI takes the view that a three-dimensional shape is, fundamentally, still a shape. Forming an opinion about the quality of the interior design of any space becomes significantly more rewarding if you are able to consider how each element has been used – both in isolation and in terms of its interplay with the other elements in the room. This report explores the core components and acknowledges the role that each individual element plays in the overall interior. CFI The elements of design FEATURE Derek Barkas, owner of Barkas Design Shape Design is a three-dimensional discipline, so it will always be impacted by shape because it adds meaning and creates interest. Shape has an almost imperceptible influence in our lives and yet it is the reason why great design becomes so successful – for example, it’s why a classic car becomes so loved and revered. Shadow and light are factors as shape influences tactility, visual texture and flow. Feng shui teaches us that shape is as important as any factor in our environment, aiding flow or ‘chi’. Shape must encourage chi and never be impeded. We use these principles often in general arrangement planning, where smooth and circular shapes are encouraged to create a preferable sensory response. A curve can break up a narrow space and bring life to low ceilings, which is always a challenge on ships. Shapes are tactile and beautiful and they are practical – for example, pantries are usually rectangular because it optimises space for storage. Shape selection can also create impracticalities. A circular bar, for instance, causes challenges for equipment as you try to fit squares into curves. We spend many hundreds of man hours on shapes to decide room proportions, bow designs, profile designs, window shapes and funnels, with each one playing together to deliver universal harmony.