International Cruise and Ferry - Spring/Summer 2019

Building & Refurbishment International Cruise & Ferry Review 112 erry operators worldwide are being driven to find ways to significantly reduce fuel consumption and carbon dioxide, nitrogen oxide and sulphur oxide emissions as the International Maritime Organization’s January 2020 sulphur cap draws nearer. Following the Norwegian Parliament’s decree that all of the country’s UNESCO- protected fjords must be emission-free by 2026 at the latest, Norway has been pioneering the way. This spring, Turkey’s Tersan Shipyards delivered Torghatten Nord’s two LNG-fuelled vessels, Huftarøy and Samnøy, which serve the Halhjem-Sandvikvåg route in Western Norway. The vessels carry 550 passengers and 180 cars. They follow two identical ferries that were delivered by Norway’s Vard Brevik in late 2018. Vard Brevik is now working on an all-electric, battery-powered ferry with capacity for 199 people and 60 cars, which will be delivered to Boreal in the third quarter of 2019 and begin operating on the Kvanndal- Utne from January 2020. Elsewhere in Norway, Havyard Ship Technology is constructing five Fjord1 ferries, which will run on an all-electric power and propulsion system from Norwegian Electric Systems and lithium ion battery-based energy storage systems from Corvus. The ferries will operate emission- free on four routes in Norway when they begin service on 1 January 2020. Meanwhile, Havila Kystruten has ordered four LNG-battery cruise ferries as part of its new contract to serve the route between Bergen and Kirkenes on behalf of Norway’s Ministry of Transport and Communications. Designed by Havyard, two of the 700-passenger newbuilds will be constructed by Spain’s Astillero Hijos de J. Barreras shipyard and two will be completed by Tersan, so all four can be operational by January 2021. Havlia Kystruten is also working with Havyard, SINTEF Ocean and Protech to develop a high-capacity hydrogen energy system that will combine batteries and hydrogen power to enable the ferries to operate emission-free at high speeds for half of the route from 2022. This will be five times longer than any other existing or planned vessel. “Kystruten will provide the most environmentally friendly voyage along the Norwegian coast from January 2021,” said Arild Myrvoll, CEO of Havila Kystruten. Norwegian shipyard Ulstein Verft has started final construction work on the world’s largest plug-in hybrid ship – Color Line’s 2,000-passenger, 500-car Color Hybrid – which will operate between Sandefjord, Norway and Strømstad, Sweden from summer 2019. Described by Color Line CEO Trond Kleivdal as a “flagship for the natural environment”, the vessel will be powered by diesel engines from Rolls-Royce and electric batteries from Siemens, which can be recharged via onboard generators or Color Line’s shore power facilities. Color Hybrid will switch to battery power when sailing through Sandefjord to eliminate noise and emissions. “When Color Line chose Ulstein Verft for the construction of Color Hybrid, the ripple effect for subcontractors and cooperative partners, both regionally and nationally, is very high,” said Gunvor Ulstein, CEO of Ulstein Group. Other Nordic countries are following Norway’s lead. The Icelandic Road and Coastal Administration, for example, has ordered Iceland’s first electric ferry, which was designed by Polarkonsult and will be delivered by Poland’s Crist S.A. shipyard later this year. The 70-metre ferry, which will carry 550 passengers and 75 cars, will primarily be powered by a large, fast-charging battery pack from ABB as she sails the 13 kilometres between Landeyjahöfn and Westman Island. A diesel-electric generator set will provide back-up in challenging weather conditions. Meanwhile, in Sweden, Rederi AB Gotland will welcome Thjelvar, the second European ferry operators are leading the way in environmentally friendly operations as they order dual-fuel and battery-powered ferries. Rebecca Gibson reports FEATURE: FERRY ORDER BOOK Moving to cleaner power